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CHOOSINg THE RIgHT SUNgLASSES Have you started planning your summer ac- cessories shorts swimsuits sandals and sun protection for your skin and eyes Thats right sun protection for your eyes are sunglasses Fashion aside sunglasses play a very important role in protecting your eyes from the harmful rays of the sun. These harmful rays are called ultraviolet radiation UV rays. There are three types of UV rays UVA UVB and UVC. UVA UVB are the ones that reach the eye. Macular degeneration is just one of many eye diseases that can be caused by or exasperated by UV exposure. UV radiation is reflected off surfaces such as snow water and sand. The greatest exposure occurs during the mid-day hours from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. and longer during summer months. Individuals whose work or recreation involves lengthy exposure to sunlight are at the greatest risk. Protect yourself from harmful UV rays by using both a brimmed hat or cap and UV absorbing eyewear. UV filtered sunglasses provide the greatest UV protection particu- larly when they have a wraparound design. Ideally all types of eyewear including prescription spectacles contact lenses and intraocular lens implants should absorb the entire UV spectrum. UV filters do not interfere with vision. When buying sunglasses look for sunglasses that protect you from 99 to 100 of both UVA and UVB light. This includes those labeled as UV 400 which refers to protection from 400 nanometers all of UVA and UVB. Consider wraparound sunglasses to prevent harmful UV rays from entering around the frame and protect more of the skin around your eyes. The degree of darkness of the lens has no effect on UV protection. Tint color is your preference of how you want to see the world. However amber and plum colored lenses tend to be very popular among individuals with macular degeneration because they do not distort colors and they provide good contrast. Yellow lenses are also popular because they work well in low light reduce haze and increase contrast for a sharper image. Polarized lenses are the best to reduce glare especially around the water. Look great and stay protected all year long by Deborah M. Kogler L.D.O. Magnifiers More 15 Macula Vision Research Foundation SpringSummer 2015 Checklist for Sunglasses UV protection 99-100 Wrap around style good coverage of skin around eye Polarized lenses if possible Lens colors amber plum yellow or grey