Universal recommendations of prevention include:

  • Don’t smoke
  • Wear sunglasses and hats to prevent exposure to ultraviolet light
  • Maintain a healthy diet containing antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin, green leafy vegetables and fish (Click here for more info about eye-healthy nutrients)
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Maintain normal blood pressure
  • Get regular eye exams and contact your doctor immediately if you notice changes in your vision

Although studies examining these interventions have produced conflicting results with regard to preventing or minimizing macular degeneration, studies showing the general health value of stopping smoking and eating a diet rich in antioxidants are well supported.

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